Week 1: Introduction to Nanotechnology:
Definition of nanotechnology; main features of nanomaterials; types of
nanostructures (0D, 1D, and 2D structures); nanocomposites; and main
chemical/physical/electrical/optical properties of nanomaterials.
Week 2: Introduction to Nanotechnology - continue:
Methods for characterizing the nanomaterials: Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM),
Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), and
spectroscopy- and spectrometry-based surface analysis techniques. Fabrication
of sensors by bottom-up and top-down approaches; self-assembly of
nanostructures; and examples for nanotechnology application
Week 3: Introduction to Sensors' Science and Technology:
Definition of sensors; main elements of sensors; similarities between living
organisms and artificial sensors; working mechanism of physical sensation
(seeing, hearing, and feeling) and chemical sensation (smelling and tasting); the
parameters used for characterizing the performance of sensors: accuracy,
precision, sensitivity, detection limit, dynamic range, selectivity, linearity,
resolution, response time, hysteresis, and life cycle.
Week 4: Metal nanoparticle-based Sensors:
Definition of nanoparticle; features of nanoparticles; and production of
nanoparticles by physical approach (laser ablation) and chemical approaches
(Brust method, seed-mediated growth, etc.).
Week 5: Quantum Dot Sensors: Definition of
quantum dot; fabrication techniques of quantum dots; Macroscopic and
microscopic photoluminescence measurements; applications of quantum dots as
multimodal contrast agents in bioimaging; and application of quantum dots as
Week 6: Nanowire-based Sensors: Definition of nanowires; features
of nanowires; fabrication of individual nanowire by top-down approaches and
bottom-up approaches; and fabrication of nanowire arrays (fluidic channel,
blown bubble film, contact printing, spray coating, etc.).
Week 7: Carbon Nanotubes-based Sensors: Definition of carbon
nanotube; features of carbon nanotubes; synthesis of carbon nanotubes;
fabrication and working principles of sensors based on individual carbon
nanotube; fabrication and working principles of sensors based on random array
of carbon nanotubes.
Week 8: Sensors Based on Nanostructures of Metal Oxide: Synthesis
of metal oxide structures by dry and wet methods; types of metal oxide gas
sensors (0D, 1D, and 2D); defect chemistry of the metal oxide sensors; sensing
mechanism of metal-oxide gas sensors; and porous metal-oxide structures for
improved sensing applications.
Week 9: Mass-Sensitive Nanosensors: Working
principle of sensors based on polymeric nanostructures; sensing mechanism and
applications of nanomaterial-based of chemiresistors and field effect
transistors of (semi-)conductive polymers, w/o inorganic materials.
Week 10: Arrays of Nanomaterial-based Sensors: A
representative example for the imitation of human senses by means of nanotechnology
and nanosensors: electronic skin based on nanotechnology.