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Higher School of Economics

Introduction to Deep Learning

Higher School of Economics via Coursera

Overview

Deep Learning is the go-to technique for many applications, from natural language processing to biomedical. Deep learning can handle many different types of data such as images, texts, voice/sound, graphs and so on. This course will cover the basics of DL including how to build and train multilayer perceptron, convolutional neural networks (CNNs), recurrent neural networks (RNNs), autoencoders (AE) and generative adversarial networks (GANs). The course includes several hands-on projects, including cancer detection with CNNs, RNNs on disaster tweets, and generating dog images with GANs.

Prior coding or scripting knowledge is required. We will be utilizing Python extensively throughout the course. We recommend taking the two previous courses in the specialization, Introduction to Machine Learning: Supervised Learning and Unsupervised Algorithms in Machine Learning, but they are not required. College-level math skills, including Calculus and Linear Algebra, are needed. Some parts of the class will be relatively math intensive.

This course can be taken for academic credit as part of CU Boulder’s Master of Science in Data Science (MS-DS) degree offered on the Coursera platform. The MS-DS is an interdisciplinary degree that brings together faculty from CU Boulder’s departments of Applied Mathematics, Computer Science, Information Science, and others. With performance-based admissions and no application process, the MS-DS is ideal for individuals with a broad range of undergraduate education and/or professional experience in computer science, information science, mathematics, and statistics. Learn more about the MS-DS program at https://www.coursera.org/degrees/master-of-science-data-science-boulder.

Course logo image by Ryan Wallace on Unsplash.

Syllabus

  • Deep Learning Introduction, Multilayer Perceptron
    • We are starting off the course with a busy week. This week's module has two parts. In the first part, after a quick introduction to Deep Learning's exciting applications in self-driving cars, medical imaging, and robotics, we will learn about artificial neurons called perceptrons. Interestingly, neural networks are loosely modeled on the human brain with perceptrons mimicking neurons. After we learn to train a simple perceptron (and become aware of its limitations), we will move on to more complex multilayer perceptrons. The second part of the module introduces the backpropagation algorithm, which trains a neural network through the chain rule. We will finish by learning how deep learning libraries like Tensorflow create computation graphs for gradient computation. This week, you will have two short quizzes, a Jupyter lab programming assignment, and an accompanying Peer Review assignment. This material, notably the backpropagation algorithm, is so foundational to Deep Learning that it is essential to take the time necessary to work through and understand it.
  • Training Neural Networks
    • Last week, we built our Deep Learning foundation, learning about perceptrons and the backprop algorithm. This week, we are learning about optimization methods. We will start with Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD). SGD has several design parameters that we can tweak, including learning rate, momentum, and decay. Then we will turn our attention to advanced gradient descent methods like learning rate scheduling and Nesterov momentum. Besides vanilla gradient descent, other optimization algorithms include AdaGrad, AdaDelta, RMSprop, and Adam. We will cover general tips to reduce overfitting while training neural networks, including regularization methods like dropout and batch normalization. This week, you will build your DL toolkit, gaining experience with the Python library Keras. Assessments for the week include a quiz and a Jupyter lab notebook with an accompanying Peer Review.
      This assignment is your last Jupyter lab notebook for the course. For the next three weeks, you will build hands-on experience and complete weekly mini-projects that incorporate Kaggle challenges.
  • Deep Learning on Images
    • This module will teach a type of neural network called convolutional neural networks, suitable for image analysis tasks. We will learn about definitions, design parameters, operations, hyperparameter tuning, and applications. There is no Jupyter lab notebook this week. You will have a brief quiz and participate in a clinically relevant Kaggle challenge mini-project. It is critical to evaluate whether cancer has spread to the sentinel lymph node for staging breast cancer. You will build a CNN model to classify whether digital pathology images show that cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. This project utilizes the PCam dataset, which has an approachable size, with the authors noting that "Models can easily be trained on a single GPU in a couple of hours, and achieve competitive scores." As you prepare for the week, look over the rubric and develop a plan for how you will complete it. It will be necessary for a project like this to work on a timeframe that allows you to run experiments. The expectation is not that you will cram the equivalent of a final project into a single week or that you need to have a top leaderboard score to receive a good grade for this project. Hopefully, you will have time to achieve some exciting results to show off in your portfolio.
  • Deep Learning on Sequential Data
    • This module will teach you another neural network called recurrent neural networks (RNNs) to handle sequential data. So far, we have covered feed-forward neural networks, including Multi-layer Perceptrons and CNNs. However, in biological systems, information can flow backward and forwards. RNNs do a backward pass closer to biological systems. Using RNNs has excellent benefits, especially for text data, since RNN architectures reduce the number of parameters. We will learn about the vanishing and exploding gradient problems that can arise when working with vanilla RNNs and remedies for those problems, including GRU and LSTM cells.
      We don't have a quiz this week, but we have a Kaggle challenge mini-project on NLP with Disaster Tweets. The project is a Getting Started competition designed for learners building their machine learning background. The challenge is very doable in a week, but make sure to start early to run experiments and iterate a bit.
  • Unsupervised Approaches in Deep Learning
    • This module will focus on neural network models trained via unsupervised Learning. We will cover autoencoders and GAN as examples.
      We will consider the famous AI researcher Yann LeCun's cake analogy for Reinforcement Learning, Supervised Learning, and Unsupervised Learning. Supervised Deep Learning has had tremendous success, mainly due to the availability of massive datasets like ImageNet. However, it is expensive and challenging to obtain labeled data for areas like biomedical images. There is great motivation to continue developing unsupervised Deep Learning approaches to harness abundant unlabeled data sources.
      This week is the last week of new course material. There is no quiz or Jupyter notebook lab.
      Generative adversarial networks (GANs) learn to generate new data with the same statistics as the training set. This week, you will wrap up one final Kaggle mini-project. This time, you will experiment with creating a network to generate images of puppies.

Taught by

Nikita Kazeev, Andrei Zimovnov, Alexander Panin, Evgeny Sokolov and Ekaterina Lobacheva

Reviews

3.0 rating, based on 2 reviews

Start your review of Introduction to Deep Learning

  • Profile image for Lagom Amine
    Lagom Amine

    Lagom Amine is taking this course right now.

    This is a very nice course, it's part of the advanced machine learning specialization so it would make sense if the lecturers go fast through some mathematical intricacies. lecturers are not obviously native speakers but who cares, they speak clearly...
  • Anonymous

    Anonymous is taking this course right now.

    Teachers speak fast and not understandable. Concepts are not explained well either. Practicals need better explanation and should be strongly related to what is thought in the course

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