Chapter 1: Introduction to Critical Thinking - what is critical thinking, why study it, a short history 1.1: Road Map 1.2: Is Man the Reasoning Animal? 1.3: Critical Thinking. Some Definitions and a Short History
Chapter 2: Arguments ABC - understanding arguments as building blocks of reason; argument structure and analysis 2.1: Simple Argument. Definition and Structure 2.2: How to Analyze an Argument 2.3: Simple Argument Analysis. Practice 2.4: Complex Arguments 2.5: The Analysis of Complex Arguments
Chapter 3: Deductive vs. Inductive, or Definitely vs. Probably - describing and analysing the two main types of arguments 3.1: Deductive Arguments vs. Inductive Arguments 3.2: Deductive Arguments. Validity. Soundness 3.3: Syllogisms 3.4: Inductive Arguments. Strength. Cogency
Chapter 4: Inductive Reasoning - the scientific method as basis for all sciences; a short instructions manual on the use of inductive reasoning in day to day communication 4.1: The Scientific Theory. Is It All Just Guessing? 4.2: The Scientific Method 4.3: Arguments from Analogy 4.4: Arguments from Generalisation 4.5: Arguments from Causality
Chapter 5: Fallacies - tricky arguments that seem right, but are not; how to spot them and call them out using fancy Latin names; 10 fair play rules 5.1: 10 Fair Play Principles in Argumentation 5.2: Fallacies 5.3: Fallacies (again) 5.4: Name That Fallacy!
Chapter 6: Argumentation - how to structure essays, presentations, and debates; how to use and quote sources 6.1: Argumentative Essay 6.2: Debates and Other Oral Arguments 6.3: Presentations 6.4: Credibility and Sources
Chapter 7: Irrationality. Cognitive Biases. Emotional Approach - what’s going on when we are irrational?; what is the place of emotions in persuasion? 7.1: Cognitive Biases 7.2: Cognitive Biases 7.3: Persuasion. The Emotional Tools 7.4: Conclusions