Class Central is learner-supported. When you buy through links on our site, we may earn an affiliate commission.

The Open University

Invention and innovation: An introduction

The Open University via OpenLearn

Overview

This free course, Invention and innovation: An introduction, is for designers, engineers, technologists and anyone interested in designing and inventing. It is also for managers and consumers ...

Syllabus

  • Introduction
  • Learning outcomes
  • 1 Part 1 Investigating the innovation process
  • 1 Part 1 Investigating the innovation process
  • 2 Part 1: 1 Living with innovation
  • 2 Part 1: 1 Living with innovation
  • 2.1 Everyday life
  • 2.2 The inventive drive
  • 3 Part 1: 2 Exploring innovation
  • 3 Part 1: 2 Exploring innovation
  • 3.1 Your experience of innovation
  • 4 Part 1: 3 Inventing the telephone and living with the innovation
  • 4 Part 1: 3 Inventing the telephone and living with the innovation
  • 4.1 An explanation
  • 4.2 When and where was the telephone invented?
  • 4.3 Who invented the telephone?
  • 4.4 What was innovative about the telephone?
  • 4.5 Was the telephone invented in response to a need or because of developments in technology?
  • 4.6 Was the telephone an immediate success?
  • 4.7 Has telephone design changed over time?
  • 4.8 Has the telephone led to any related or spin-off products?
  • 4.9 A consumer's experience of innovation
  • 4.10 What has been learnt from the history of the telephone?
  • 5 Part 1: 4 Key concepts
  • 5 Part 1: 4 Key concepts
  • 5.1 Introduction to key concepts
  • 5.2 Inventors and inventions
  • 5.3 Designs
  • 5.4 Product champion
  • 5.5 Entrepreneur
  • 5.6 Improver
  • 5.7 Innovation
  • 5.8 Dominant design
  • 5.9 Robust design and lean design
  • 5.10 Radical innovation and incremental innovation
  • 5.11 Sustaining innovation and disruptive innovation
  • 5.12 Process innovation
  • 5.13 Diffusion and suppression
  • 5.14 Compact fluorescents and new developments
  • 5.15 Intellectual property and patents
  • 6 Part 1: 5 Dead certs and dead ends
  • 6 Part 1: 5 Dead certs and dead ends
  • 6.1 Evolutionary development
  • 6.2 Are cylinder ships a dead-end invention?
  • 7 Part 1: 6 Self-assessment questions
  • 7 Part 1: 6 Self-assessment questions
  • 8 Part 1: 7 Key points of Part 1
  • 8 Part 1: 7 Key points of Part 1
  • 9 Part 2: Invention
  • 9 Part 2: Invention
  • 10 Part 2: 1 How invention starts
  • 10.1 What motivates individuals to invent?
  • 10.2 Scientific or technical curiosity
  • 10.3 Constructive discontent
  • 10.3.1 Cats eyes and road conditions
  • 10.4 Desire to make money
  • 10.5 Desire to help others
  • 10.6 What drives invention in organisations?
  • 10.7 Business strategy
  • 10.7.1 First to market
  • 10.7.2 Follow the leader
  • 10.7.3 Opportunist
  • 10.8 Need to improve product or process
  • 10.9 Opportunity offered by a new material, technology or manufacturing process
  • 10.9.1 New materials
  • 10.9.2 New technology
  • 10.9.3 New manufacturing process
  • 10.10 Government policy, legislation and regulations
  • 11 Part 2: 2 How the process of invention works
  • 11.1 Five steps to invention
  • 11.2 Step 1 – identification of the problem
  • 11.3 Step 2 – exploration
  • 11.4 Step 3 – incubation
  • 11.5 Step 4 – act of insight
  • 11.5.1 Adaptation
  • 11.5.2 Transfer
  • 11.5.3 Combination
  • 11.5.4 Analogy
  • 11.5.5 Chance
  • 11.6 Step 5 – critical revision
  • 11.7 Characteristics of inventors
  • 12 Part 2: 3 Technology push and market pull
  • 12.1 Two models
  • 12.2 Technology push
  • 12.3 Market pull
  • 12.4 Coupling model
  • 13 Part 2: 4 Preparing for innovation
  • 14 Part 2: 5 Self-assessment questions
  • 15 Part 2: 6 Key points of Part 2
  • 16 Part 3: Innovation
  • 17 Part 3: 1 Overcoming obstacles to innovation
  • 17.1 Getting the technology to work
  • 17.2 Getting finance and organisational backing
  • 17.3 Choosing appropriate materials and manufacturing process
  • 17.4 Standards and their role in innovation
  • 18 Part 3: 2 Diffusion of innovations
  • 18.1 Introduction to diffusion
  • 18.2 Characteristics of the innovation
  • 18.2.1 Relative advantage
  • 18.2.2 Compatibility
  • 18.2.3 Complexity
  • 18.2.4 Observability
  • 18.2.5 Trialability
  • 18.2.6 Encouraging diffusion
  • 18.3 Characteristics of consumers and the market
  • 18.4 MP3's diffusion depended on innovations in related areas
  • 18.5 Government regulations and legislation
  • 19 Part 3: 3 Sustaining and disruptive innovation
  • 20 Part 3: 4 Phases and waves of innovation
  • Part 3: 5 Self-assessment questions
  • 22 Part 3: 6 Key points of Part 3
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Acknowledgements

Reviews

Start your review of Invention and innovation: An introduction

Never Stop Learning.

Get personalized course recommendations, track subjects and courses with reminders, and more.