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媒介批评:理论与方法 Media Criticism: Theory and Method

Shanghai Jiao Tong University via Coursera

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Overview

“媒介批评”是现代大众传播学的重要分支,简单而言,就是批评媒介,是 对大众传播媒介本身进行批评,属于应用传播学的研究领域。随着技术的进步和 传媒产业的不断发展,“媒介化社会”的到来,媒介在现代社会中产生越来越重 要的影响。为了保证媒介自身的良性发展,需要对媒介本身进行制约,以明确媒介的边界。因此,如何对媒介及其传播的信息进行反思性评判,是媒介批评要解决的主要问题。

媒介批评就是指立足于批判的价值立场、传播观念和理论背景,对大众传播 活动的政治经济机制、媒介机构和从业者、媒介的基本形态、媒介产品、媒介文 本及内容,以及媒介受众等所进行的理论观察、分析、评价等批判性反思活动。 媒介批评研究基于人文学科和社会科学的基本研究方法,以大众传播活动及其媒介产品为主要研究对象。简言之,媒介批评就是立足于批判的价值立场对媒介活 动及其产品和传播观念进行研究。因此,明确的价值立场和反思性批判是媒介批评的本质。

“Media criticism” is an important branch of modern mass communication. In a word, it, which belongs to the field of application communication studies, is to criticize media. With the technology advancing, the media industry developing and “social media” arriving, the media is playing a more and more important role in the modern society. To guarantee the positive development of the media itself, the media itself need to be restricted so as to make clear its boundary. Therefore, how to carry out the reflective judgment on the media and information is the main problem of media criticism which still remains to be solved.

Media criticism refers to reflective judgment, which bases on the criticism of the value standpoint, the dissemination of the concept and the theory background. Media criticism is the observation, analysis,

evaluation, which is concluded from the humanities and social science fundamental research method, to the political and economy mechanism of media, mass communication media agencies and media practitioners, the basic form, media products, media text and the content, the audience. In short, media criticism is a research which base on the critical value standpoint in the media activities, media products and the concept of communication. A clear value standpoint and critical reflective is the essence of media criticism. 

Syllabus

第一单元-媒介批评的基本问题

1.1媒介批评的内涵和视角

1.2媒介批评的对象和范围

1.3媒介批评的基本理论

1.4媒介批评的目的和功能

1.5媒介批评的特征与类型

 

第二单元-媒介批评的研究问题与方法

2.1媒介批评的研究问题

2.2媒介批评的研究方法

 

第三单元-媒介、文化与社会

3.1作为人类社会文化活动的传播

3.2媒介与文化

3.3媒介与社会

3.4媒介与话语

 

第四单元-作为大众文化的媒介

4.1文化、大众文化、媒介文化

4.2文化工业

4.3编码/解码

 

第五单元-媒介符号学

5.1符号、意义、媒介

5.2索绪尔

5.3皮尔士、罗兰·巴特、雅各布逊

 

第六单元-媒介的意识形态分析

6.1何谓意识形态

6.2葛兰西、阿尔都塞、布尔迪厄

6.3媒介与政治、权力、利益、文化

 

第七单元-媒介叙事理论

7.1何谓叙事学

7.2叙事构成要素

7.3媒介叙事分析


第八单元-解构主义、读者反应理论与媒介

8.1解构主义

8.2读者反应理论

8.3媒介建构主义


 

第九单元-女性主义媒介批评 

9.1何谓女性主义 

9.2女性主义理论 

9.3媒介与女性主义


Taught by

姚 君喜

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