Carnatic music is a vibrant musical tradition that has evolved, and is largely practiced, in Southern India and wherever else there is a significant diaspora of South Indians. A highly nuanced and tonally rich melodic music, its rhythmic aspect too is considerably complex. As much as it is rooted in tradition there is immense demand on the improvisational skills of the musicians. The coming together of these two aspects in a concert can give the listener a musical high. What makes this music so unique and rich? What happens in a typical concert? What do we look for? Who were the great musicians and composers who have made the music what it is today? These are some of the questions this course will try to answer. What does a student need to bring to this course? An interest in music, a willingness to bite into a music technically and aesthetically very different from popular music-s and other forms like Western Classical music. It would help if you have heard Carnatic music before, but that is not absolutely necessary. You will hear plenty during the course.
INTENDED AUDIENCE: GeneralPREREQUISITES: NilINDUSTRY SUPPORT: Nil
COURSE LAYOUT Music in IndiaVariety of Music in India – Folk, popular, religious and classical music.
Musical materialThe 12 pitches or swara sthana-sThe scale - natural or just tempered scale as opposed to the equal or even tempered scale.
Raga - the basic melodic facet of Indian musicWhat makes for a raga – swara (note/tone), gamaka (embellishment), pidi (phrase), graha, nyasa, jeeva swaras.Variety of raga-s and their classification. The 72 melakarta schema
Tala - the rhythmic facetConcepts of the avartanam, samam, and eduppuSuladi sapta tala schema
CompositionComposers - the Carnatic trinity and their contribution; before them and after themKinds of composition: Varnam, Kriti, Padam, Javali.Bhakti and Carnatic Music
ImprovisationWhat is the nature of improvisation in Carnatic music; various kinds of improvisation - alapana, neraval, swara prastara and tanam. The RTP - Ragam, Tanam, Pallavi.
Presentation of a Carnatic concert - the meshing of the compositional and improvisational aspects.
Accompaniment - its unique nature in Carnatic music.
Percussive and melodic instruments
Listening to a Carnatic concert - aesthetic and technical aspects.