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Geography XI Part-I

NCERT via Swayam


You have studied Geography as one of the components of social sciences up to secondary stage. Now, you will study Geography as an independent subject and learn about the physical environment of the earth, human activities and their interaction. We live on the surface of the earth. Our lives are affected by our surroundings in many ways. We depend on the resources to sustain ourselves in the surrounding areas. In Geography, you learn about the diverse lands and people. You should be curious to know about all the phenomena which vary over space. You should also be interested in understanding the changes which have taken place over time. Geography equips you to appreciate diversity and investigate into the causes responsible for creating such variations over time and space. This variation provides a clue to the understanding of the relationship between the physical environment and social & cultural features. Geographers not only study the variations in the phenomena over the earth’s surface but, also study the associations with the factors which cause these variations. They further try to study the relationship within these factors. A geographer explains the phenomena in a cause-and-effect relationship. This not only helps in interpretation but, also in foreseeing the phenomena in the future. Geographical phenomena, both physical and human, are not static but highly dynamic. This is the result of interaction between ever changing earth and human beings. This course on “Fundamentals of Physical Geography”, deals with the Origin and Evolution of the Earth, Landforms and their evolution, Climate, Submarine relief, Movement of ocean water, Biosphere and many more from class XI Geography course. Dr. Aparna Pandey Professor, Department of Education in Social Sciences (DESS), NCERT will be interacting with you during the course. Each module of the course will have five quadrants: e-Tutorial (Video/Audio), e-text, Web resources, Self Assessment questions (MCQs, right wrong, one word answers etc.) and transcription of the video. Hope you will enjoy the course, wish you all the best.


Chapter No.

Module No.

Module Name

Chapter 1

Module 1

Geography as a Discipline

Module 2

Branches of Geography

Assignment 1

Chapter 2

Module 3

The Origin and Evolution of The Earth

Assignment 2

Chapter 3

Module 4

Interior structure of Earth

Module 5

Volcano and Volcanic Landforms

Assignment 3

Chapter 4

Module 6

Distribution of Oceans and Continents

Assignment 4

Chapter 5

Module 7

Rocks and Minerals

Assignment 5

Chapter 6

Module 8

Geomorphic Processes: Endogenic, Exogenic and Weathering

Module 9

Mass Movements

Assignment 6

Chapter 7

Module 10

Landforms – Landforms and Their Evolution

Module 11

Landforms – Groundwater

Module 12

Landforms – Glacial Landforms

Module 13

Landforms – Landforms Formed by Waves and Currents

Module 14

Arid Topography (Action of Winds)

Assignment 7

Chapter 8

Module 15

Composition and Structure of Atmosphere

Assignment 8

Chapter 9

Module 16

Solar Radiation and Heat Budget

Module 17


Assignment 9

Chapter 10

Module 18

Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems

Module 19

Atmospheric Circulation and Weather Systems

Assignment 10

Chapter 11

Module 20

Water in Atmosphere

Assignment 11

Chapter 12

Module 21

World Climate – Part 1

Module 22

World Climate – Part 2

Assignment 12

Chapter 13

Module 23

Hydrological Cycle and Relief of The Ocean Floors

Module 24

Temperature And Salinity of Ocean Water

Assignment 13

Chapter 14

Module 25

Movements of The Ocean Water

Assignment 14

Chapter 15

Module 26

Life on The Earth

Assignment 15

Chapter 16

Module 27

Biodiversity and Conservation

Assignment 16

Final Assessment

Taught by

Dr. Aprana Pandey


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