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Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Introduction to Turbomachinery

Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur and NPTEL via Swayam


The objective of the course is to provide a framework to discuss different kinds of turbomachinery through a unified approach. The material presented is intended for undergraduate and graduate students apart from professional engineers in the industry engaged in the analysis and development of turbomachinery. Coverage begins with the fundamental concepts, the equations of motion in a rotating system, and the Euler equation for turbomachinery. This is followed by the gas turbine cycle, similarity rules, and cascade flow analysis. The reader is then focused on flows through compressors and turbines, including a brief discussion on the secondary flow, tip clearance, blade cooling, surge, and stall. The course will be concluded with a discussion on CFD in the design and analysis of turbomachinery.INTENDED AUDIENCE :UG/PG students, research scholars, and practicing engineers interested in the field of turbomachinery.PRE-REQUISITES : Basic Thermodynamics and Fluid MechanicsINDUSTRY SUPPORT : HAL/GTRE/NTPC/NHPC/BHEL/GE India etc.


1. Introduction and Classification: Axial flow, radial flow and mixed flow machines, the equations of motion in rotating frame of reference, effects of Coriolis and Centrifugal forces, momentum and energy equation, Euler work, and illustrative examples.[5] 2. Gas Turbine Cycle: Brayton Cycle, regenerative cycle, reheat, inter-cooling, turboprop, turbojet and turbofan engine, thrust augmentation, and illustrative examples. [4] 3. Similarity Analysis: Similarity rules, specific speed, Cordier diagram and illustrative examples.[4]
4. Cascade Analysis: Two-dimensional cascade theory, lift and drag, blade efficiency, estimation of loss, compressor and turbine cascade, blade geometry, and illustrative examples.[5] 5. Axial Flow Compressor: Two-dimensional pitch line design and analysis, h-s diagram, degree of reaction, the effect of Mach number, performance and efficiency, three-dimensional flow, tip clearance, losses, compressor performance, and illustrative examples. [6] 6. Centrifugal Pump and Compressor: Theoretical analysis and design, the effect of circulation and Coriolis forces, reversal eddies, slip factor, head and efficiency, diffuser, introduction to the combustion system, and illustrative examples.[6] 7. Axial Flow Turbine: Two-dimensional pitch line design, stage loading capacity, degree of reaction, stage efficiency, turbine performance, blade cooling, and illustrative examples.[6]
8.CFD Applied to Turbomachinery Flows: Governing equations, numerical methods, and test cases illustrating flow and heat transfer related to turbomachines.   Total Class: 36 (It equivalent to 12 weeks considering 3 classes per week)

Taught by

Prof. Subrata Sarkar

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