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Non - Metallic Materials

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and NPTEL via Swayam

Overview

There have been radical development in the study of non – metallic materials over past two decades – think of Li and Na ion rechargeable batteries, graphene, carbon nano-tubes, conducting polymers, sensing materials for air quality monitoring etc. The course aims students to understand the structure – property relationship in a wide spectrum of non – metallic materials. The course is divided into 12 weekly modules containing 5 lectures in each module with 30 min duration. Modules that will be taught sequentially are named as follows: (i) Polymer materials, (ii) Defects, and reaction kinetics of non – metallic materials, carbonaceous materials (iii) Diffusion, phase transformation in non – metallic materials, glass and glass ceramics, (iv) Mechanical properties of non – metallic and composite materials, (v) Electrical, magnetic and thermal properties of non – metallic materials, (vi) Optical and electrochemical properties of non-metallic materials, (vii) Processing of non – metallic materials, sintering and microstructure development, (viii)Thin film growth and fabrication of devices, (ix) Characterization of structure, composition, and microstructure of non – metallic materials, (x) Measurement of the mechanical, electrical, thermal, magnetic, and optical properties of non – metallic materials, (xi) Corrosion and degradation of non – metallic materials, and (xii) Economic, environmental and societal issues. Each module lectures is self-contained to encourage student understanding and reinforce key concepts. Carefully designed problem set will help students to grasp the underlying concepts taught in the course.

Syllabus

COURSE LAYOUT

Week 1: Module – 1 Polymer materials
Lecture – 1 Classification of non-metallic materials. Applications of ceramics, glass, carbonaceous materials, polymers, and composites Lecture – 2 Understanding on polymer structures
Lecture – 3 Characteristics and applications of polymers
Lecture – 4 Processing of polymers
Lecture – 5 Polymer composites and issues related to recycling

Week 2: Module – 2 Defects, and reaction kinetics of non – metallic materials, carbonaceous materials
Lecture – 6 Defects in crystalline materials: Point, line, planar and three dimensional defects,
Lecture – 7 Non – stoichiometry in non – metallic materials
Lecture – 8 Laws of thermodynamics, reaction kinetics (Part – I and 2)
Lecture – 9 Phase diagram and microstructure evolution of selected non – metallic materials
Lecture – 10 Carbonaceous materials

Week 3: Module – 3 Diffusion, phase transformation in non – metallic materials, glass and glass - ceramics
Lecture -11 Fundamentals of diffusion, Fick’s laws, their solution and applications.
Lecture – 12 Phase transformation of non – metallic materials
Lecture – 13 Introduction to glass and amorphous solids
Lecture – 14 Specialty glasses Lecture – 15 Glass – ceramics

Week 4: Module –4 Mechanical properties of non –metallic and composite materials
Lecture – 16 Mechanical properties of non – metallic materials, stress – strain response, elastic, anelastic and plastic deformation
Lecture – 17 Brittle and ductile materials, fracture mechanics, strengthening of materials
Lecture – 18 Fatigue, creep and nano-scale properties
Lecture – 19 Composite materials: Particle – reinforced composites, and fiber reinforced composites
Lecture – 20 Structural composite

Week 5: Module –5 Electrical, magnetic and thermal properties of non – metallic materials
Lecture – 21 Dielectric and piezoelectric behavior
Lecture – 22 Ferroelectric behavior of non-metallic materials and ferroelectric thin film for non – volatile memory applications
Lecture – 23 Magnetic properties: Origin of magnetism, para, dia, ferro and ferrimagnetism
Lecture – 24 Ceramic magnets and their applications
Lecture – 25 Thermal properties: Specific heat, heat conduction, thermal diffusivity, thermal expansion, thermoelectricity.

Week 6: Module –6 Optical and Electrochemical properties of non - metallic materials
Lecture – 26 Optical properties: Refractive index , Absorption and transmission of electromagnetic radiation, LASERS
Lecture – 27 Introduction to electrochemistry: Galvanic cells, Cell potentials and Gibbs energy, Concentration dependence
Lecture – 28 Introduction to electrochemical methods: cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
Lecture – 29 Electrochemical storage, rechargeable batteries
Lecture – 30 Fuel cell and Energy harvesting

Week 7: Module –7 Processing of non – metallic materials, Sintering and microstructure development
Lecture – 31 Preparation of ceramic powders: auto-combustion, sol-gel synthesis, microwave assisted hydrothermal synthesis
Lecture – 32 Introduction to sintering, sintering mechanism
Lecture – 33 Solid state sintering and microstructure development.
Lecture – 34 Liquid phase sintering and microstructure development, specialty sintering, and reactive sintering
Lecture – 35 Processing of glass and amorphous/non-crystalline solids.

Week 8: Module –8 Thin film growth and fabrication of devices
Lecture – 36 Fundamental of thin film growth, growth mechanism and kinetics
Lecture – 37 Various thin film growth techniques: thermal evaporation, CVD, sputtering, chemical solution deposition.
Lecture – 38 Processing of semi-conducting devices
Lecture – 39 Process of ceramic devices
Lecture – 40 Organic electronic materials: conducting polymers, semi-conducting organic materials, applications.

Week 9: Module –9 Characterization of structure, composition and microstructure of non – metallic materials
Lecture – 41 Introduction to spectroscopic techniques for material characterization
Lecture – 42 Thermal analyses
Lecture – 43 Infra-red and Raman spectroscopy
Lecture – 44 UV – VIS and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Lecture – 45 Optical and scanning electron microscopy

Week 10: Module – 10 Measurement of the mechanical, electrical, thermal, magnetic and optical properties of non – metallic materials.
Lecture – 46 Measurement of mechanical properties, fracture toughness, MOR, hardness
Lecture – 47 Measurement of electrical properties: Electrical conductivity, carrier mobility, carrier concentration, hysteresis, fatigue, time dependent dielectric breakdown
Lecture – 48 Thermal analysis techniques: Thermo-gravimetry, calorimetry.
Lecture – 49 Measurement of magnetic properties
Lecture – 50 Measurement of optical properties

Module –11 Corrosion and degradation of non – metallic materials
Lecture – 51 Fundamentals of corrosion, corrosion of ceramic materials
Lecture – 52 Degradation of polymers: swelling and dissolution, bond rupture, weathering
Lecture – 53 Case study: Artificial total hip replacement
Lecture – 54 Design of ceramics
Lecture – 55 Finishing of ceramics

Module – 12 Economic, Environmental and societal issues
Lecture – 56 Economic, Environmental and societal issues in non – metallic materials science and engineering : An Introduction
Lecture – 57 Component design
Lecture – 58 Materials and manufacturing techniques
Lecture – 59 Recycling issues in non – metallic materials Science
Lecture – 60 Fly – ash based glazed wall tiles: A case study

Taught by

Prof. Subhasish Basu Majumder

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