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Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Principles and Practices of Process Equipment and Plant Design

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and NPTEL via Swayam

Overview

The course is expected to impart a holistic approach towards process design i.e. the objective is not to arrive at only the design of individual process equipment, but also to configure it as a complete functional system with its accessories. In other words, it shall deal with process design from the industry perspective. The content will primarily cover the typical mass transfer systems and equipment included in undergraduate curriculum viz. distillation, absorption, adsorption and liquid-liquid extraction along with details of internals in packed and tray columns. It will also cover heat transfer basics and design of double pipe and shell and tube heat exchangers along with heat exchanger network analysis. Relevant design problems will be worked out after completion of each topic. Discussions on process utilities, piping and hydraulics, instrumentation and safety basics will supplement the equipment design procedure and enable understanding of complete plant design.INTENDED AUDIENCE : UG students of Chemical Engineering, Biotechnology, Agriculture Engineering, Rookie engineers and fresh entrants to process industriesPREREQUISITES : Mass Transfer, Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics, Process instrumentationINDUSTRY SUPPORT : All process industries e.g., oil refineries (IOCL, BPCL, HPCL Reliance, Esser, HMEL), petrochemicals (HPL, Reliance), pharma companies (DRL), etc.

Syllabus

Week-1: Introduction to Plant Design (2); Introduction to Mass transfer Equipment (1); Phase Equilibrium (2)
Week-2: Distillation – Fractionation (4); Design Problem (1) Week-3: Flash Distillation (1); Batch Distillation (3); Design Problem (1)
Week-4: Absorption (2); Adsorption (2); Design Problem (1) Week-5: Liquid-Liquid Extraction - 3; Column Internals – 2 [Sieve (1), Valve (1)] Week-6: Column Internals contd. - Bubble Cap (2); Packed column (1); Design Problem (2)
Week-7: Heat Exchanger: Introduction (1); Double Pipe HE (2); S&T HE (2)
Week-8: S&T HE contd. (1); Design Problem (1+2); Heat Exchanger Network (1) Week-9: Heat Exchanger Network (3); Design Problem (2)
Week-10: Plant hydraulics: Pumps (2) Compressors(2), Pipeline (1)
Week-11: Pressure Vessels (2); Design Problem (2); Process Utilities (1)
Week-12: Safety (2), Process Design Package (3)

Taught by

Prof. Gargi Das, Prof. S. Ray

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