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Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Sustainable Materials and Green Buildings

Indian Institute of Technology Delhi and NPTEL via Swayam


The objectives of this course is to expose the students to the concepts of sustainability in the context of building and conventional engineered building materials, such as concrete, bricks, and achieving the same through lower carbon cements, superior brick kilns and recycled aggregate minimizing consumption of natural resources including water. VOC and indoor air quality. Exposing the student to concepts of embodied, operational and life cycle energy, minimizing energy consumption by optimal design, use of BIPV. The course also intend to make student aware of ECBC, LEED, GRIHA etc
INTENDED AUDIENCE : Civil Engineering & Architecture students and professionalsPRE-REQUISITES : BE/BSc. Level Physics & MathematicsINDUSTRY SUPPORT : All Industry involved in Building design and construction. L&T, MES etc. CPWD and all other PWDs.



Week 1: IntroductionWeek 2: Embodied energy, Operational energy in Building and Life cycle energy. Ecological foot print, Bio-capacity and calculation of planet equivalent.Week 3: Role of Material: Carbon from Cement, alternative cements and cementitious material, Alternative fuel for cements for reduction in carbon emission,Sustainability issues for concrete,Week 4: Role of quality, minimization of natural resource utilization, High volume fly ash concrete, geo-polymer concrete etc. concrete with alternative material for sustainability’Week 5: Reduction in water consumption in concrete, Recycled aggregate, Energy for grinding crushing of cement aggregate etc. and reduction. Operational energy in building role of materials and thermal conductivityWeek 6: Clay Bricks, Types kilns, Comparative energy performance emission performance and financial performance, Indoor air qualityWeek 7: Paints, adhesive and sealants for use in building, volatile organic content (VOC) emission issues and indoor air quality for sustainability and health hazard Week 8: Operational energy reduction and net zero building, Optimization for design of building for energy efficiency and example of optimization through use of Evolutionary genetic algorithmWeek 9: Radiation budget, urban heat island; Surface water balane, Effects of trees and microclimatic modification through greening,Week 10: Use of Building Integrated Photo Voltaic (BIPV) and other renewable energy in buildings, basic concepts and efficiencyWeek 11: Energy codes ECBC requirement, Concepts of OTTV etcWeek 12: Green Performance rating, requirements of LEED, GRIHA etc.

Taught by

Prof. B.Bhattacharjee

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