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Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Transport Phenomena

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and NPTEL via Swayam


This is a fundamental subject for all Chemical Engineering students and is also important in disciplines as diverse as Mechanical Engineering, Biotechnology and Nanotechnology. Over the last few decades, the subject has revolutionized the way engineering science is taught. This course deals with the unified treatment of the different transport processes, ubiquitous in industry as well as in nature. Momentum, heat and mass transfer are taught together due to the underlying similarities of the mathematics and molecular mechanisms describing such processes. The students will be made aware of the core scientific connections and will be encouraged to solve problems based on relevant analogies.INTENDED AUDIENCE : Chemical,Mechanical,Biotechnology, NanotechnologyPRE-REQUISITES : Undergraduate level courses in Fluid Mechanics, Heat TransferINDUSTRY SUPPORT : Most of the process industries recognize this as a fundamental course dealing with the unified treatment of seemingly different transport operations. The concepts will enhance the lateral thinking capabilities of the students and seamlessly integrate the concepts for their use in a multitude of processes and problems. This aspect will also be of value to the upcoming technology driven companies involved in micro-device fabrication, sensors, and in the general microfluidics domain.


Week 1: Fundamental concepts in momentum transfer, shell balance, governing equations and relevant boundary conditions .Week 2: Formulation and solution of momentum transfer in laminar flow.Week 3: Navier-Stokes equation and its applications, solutions of momentum transfer problems in different geometriesWeek 4: Formulation and solution of heat transfer in laminar flowWeek 5: Development and use of energy equationWeek 6: Transient conduction - lumped capacitance, analytical solutions and other methods.Week 7: Formulation and solution of mass transfer in laminar flow. Development and use of species balance equationWeek 8: Introduction to convective flow, natural convection, relevant examples from heat and mass transferWeek 9: Boundary Layer concepts, boundary layer thicknesses (disturbance, displacement and momentum), Blasius solution for flow over a flat plateWeek 10: Use of momentum integral equation, turbulent boundary layers, fluid flow about immersed bodies, drag Week 11: Mathematical treatment of the similarities between heat, mass and momentum transfer, similarity parameters, and relevant analogies.Week 12: Solution of coupled heat, mass and momentum transfer problems based on analogy.

Taught by

Prof. Sunando DasGupta



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