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Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

Underground Mining of Metalliferous deposits

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur and NPTEL via Swayam


(i) Introduction to Metalliferous mineral deposits, exploration, deposit characterizations, understanding cut-off grade, dilution, optimum recovery, financial impacts etc. (ii) Access to mineral deposits: Types of access and selection criteria, location, size and shape; Adits, Inclines, Declines, Shafts; Conventional and special methods of excavation, lining, deepening and widening.(iii) Lateral and inclined development of openings to mineral blocks; Levels, Drive, Drift, Crosscuts, Raising and Winzing etc.(iv) Classification and choice of stoping methods, Methods of stoping: open stoping, supported stoping – breast, underhand and overhand stoping, shrinkage stoping, cut and fill stoping method, sub-level stoping; Introduction to caving methods: top slicing, sub-level caving, block caving; Stope mechanization and level interval.(v) Support: Rock bolting, Cable Bolting, Pillar Design; Backfilling: preparation, transportation of mill tailings and filling operation.(vi) Safety, Environmental issues and Case studies.INTENDED AUDIENCE : Students of Mining Engineering, Mining Machinery, Mineral Processing,Earth Sciences (Geology/geophysics etc.)PREREQUISITES : NoneINDUSTRIES SUPPORT : All the Mining and allied industries


Week-1:Introduction to Metal Mining, their importance, financial impact etc
Week-2:Exploration, understanding cut-off grade, dilution, recovery etc Week-3:Access to mineral deposits
Week-4:Development of openings Week-5:Development of openings Week-6:Choice of Stoping methods – qualitative and quantitative analysis
Week-7:Stoping methods
Week-8:Stoping methods
Week-9:Stoping methods
Week-10:Support technology
Week-11:Filling of stopes
Week-12:Safety, Environment and Case studies

Taught by

Prof. Bibhuti Bhusan Mandal, Prof. Kaushik Dey

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