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X-ray Crystallography & Diffraction

NPTEL , Indian Institute of Technology Madras and Indian Institute of Engineering Science And Technology, Shibpur via Swayam


The properties of any crystalline material are very much functions of its crystal structure and internal arrangement of atoms. X-ray diffraction is an elegant method to determine crystal structure and related parameters. This course provides a glimpse of how X-ray diffraction can be used to solve various crystallographic problems of both single and poly crystalline materials, starting from an elementary level.

INTENDED AUDIENCE:Undergraduate students of Metallurgical and Materials, Physics, Chemistry andbiological sciences
INDUSTRY SUPPORT: All the Metallurgical and automotive industries will be interested in this course



1.Geometry of crystals
2.Reciprocal lattice
3.Stereographic projection
4.Point groups and space groups
5.Basics of X-rays
6.Production and detection of X-rays
7.X-ray diffraction
8.X-ray diffraction methods
9.Diffractometer measurements
10.Intensity of diffracted beam
11.Determination of crystal structure
12.Precise lattice parameter determination
13.Phase diagram determination
14.Order-disorder transformation
15.Qualitative phase analysis
16.Quantitative phase analysis
17.Chemical analysis by X-ray fluorescence
18.Chemical analysis by X-ray absorption
19.Particle size determination by X-rays
20.Texture determination by X-rays
21.Stress analysis by X-rays
22.Determination of single crystal orientation by X-rays

Taught by

Prof. Ranjit Kumar Ray, Prof. Sankaran.S

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