Manufacturing Systems Approach. Historical perspective of Design. Material Handling Systems. Introduction to computer Aided Design. Introduction to homogeneous transformation. Homogeneous Transformation (2). 3-D transformations. Introduction to Parametric and non-parametric equations. Non-parametric representation of equation (Implicitc case). Introduction of Hermite cubic spline fit. Numerical examples of cubic spline curves. Bezier Curves. Bezier curves (2). Representation of Surfaces. CAD/CAM data exchange. Introduction of Manufacturing Processes. Description of Various Manfaturing processes. Mathematical modelling of Manufacturing Processes. Steps involved in developing a process plan. Worked out examples on designing of various machining operations. Process plan developement. Determining machining conditions and machining time. Machining cost evaluation. Estimation of Tool life. Introduction of principles of process planning approach. The generative CAPP method. Knowledge based process planning. Feature recognisation in CAPP. Defenition of part features. Problem solving of feature recognisation system. Computer control of manufacturing systems. Introduction to Numerically controlled machines. Motion control of NC machines. Introduction to NC programming. Sequention format used in NC programming. Tab sequential format in NC programming. Word address format used in NC programming. Preparatory functions used in Numerical control programming. G codes , M-codes and Canned cycles. Motion commands in NC part programming. Problem solving of NC part programming. Problem solving of NC part programming -2. Just in time manufacturing systems. Toyta Production system. Pull systems. Kanban systems. Deterministic models for Kanban. Probabilistic cost model for detertmining optimal number of Kanban.