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Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Bibliotheca Alexandrina via edX

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We will examine the role of Egyptian women and their positions as monarchs and goddesses, the invention of papyrus and Egypt’s first writings as well as ancient Egypt’s achievements in medicine. There will also be a brief summary of the famous architecture of ancient Egypt including pyramids, tombs and temples.


Week 1: Beginnings
This is a brief introduction to the historical background that contextualized ancient Egypt, and an overview of the achievements of one of the most famous figures: the great Imhotep, whose fame as architect and physician is universally acknowledged.

Week 2: Writing and Numerals in Ancient Egypt
An introduction to the invention of writing, and papyrus, as well as the major types of scripts in ancient Egypt, and the numeric system they invented and employed.

Week 3: Architecture and Astronomy in Ancient Egypt
An overview of this civilization’s famous architectural legacy, and an examination of all its forms such as pyramids, Mastaba and rock-cut tombs, and temples. This section also includes an introduction to astronomy in ancient Egypt.

Week 4: Women in Ancient Egypt
Women in the time of the Pharaohs played an important role in society and were rulers and goddesses. This unit will give a brief description of the role of women in society and their position as monarchs and goddesses.

Week 5: Medicine in Ancient Egypt
This week will explore the achievements of ancient Egyptians in medicine, and their developing it into a science, as well as the significance of the Medical Papyri that were discovered, and what these indicate about the Egyptians’ achievements in medicine.

Taught by

Ahmed H. Borham and Marwa Assem


4.3 rating, based on 3 Class Central reviews

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  • Profile image for Jill Russell
    Jill Russell
    I really enjoyed this course. The instructors spoke clearly and were easy to understand as they provided an abundance of information from all aspects of the Egyptian culture. It was enlightening even entertaining without being overly in depth; pointing out key periods, people, advancements, etc. A good "starter" class for anyone interested in Egypt and it's rich history.
  • Matthew Philip
    Interesting and fun course. Easy to understand. Assignments are not too difficult. Enroll if you have an interest in Egyptology!
  • David Stoner

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