Week 1: Introduction to Funding and Financing
The first module will introduce the concepts of funding and financing and how they relate to one another. It will also introduce the concept of a funding gap.
Week 2: Financial Instruments
The second module will explain the differences between sovereign, corporate and PPP financing and introduce typical financing instruments including loans, stocks, bonds and leasing.
Week 3: Risk and Risk Mitigation
The third module will discuss risk and approaches to reduce risk to make investment in railways more attractive to the private sector.