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University of Minnesota

Sustainability of Food Systems: A Global Life Cycle Perspective

University of Minnesota via Coursera

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Hamburger or hummus? Organic or conventional? Mediterranean diet or McDonald's? What dietary choices are truly the most sustainable when we consider that what we eat affects not just our health but also the environment and the well-being of others?

This course will provide you with an overview of our world’s food system and its many impacts from the individual to the global scale. You will gain further appreciation of the complex implications of choices that are made along the food supply chain. You will be challenged to think critically about how the global food system may need to change to adapt to future economic and environmental conditions.

Our world’s population is projected to grow both in numbers and in wealth in the coming decades. Meeting future food demand, and doing so in a sustainable fashion, will require that we greatly increase the amount we produce and improve the efficiency by which it makes it to our tables. Join us as we explore today’s global food system and how we might improve its sustainability for our benefit and that of future generations.


This course is organized around fifteen questions that span our world's food system, its impacts, and its future.

  1. What is food?
  2. What foods do we eat?
  3. How and where did our food originate?
  4. How and where do we grow our food?
  5. How do we facilitate the trade and transfer of our food?
  6. How do we process and distribute our food?
  7. How do we prepare our food?
  8. How do we choose what to eat?
  9. How do we assess the sustainability of the global food system?
  10. How does what we eat affect our health?
  11. How does what we eat affect our environment?
  12. How much food will we need in the future?
  13. What challenges do we face in reforming the global food system?
  14. How can we provide more food more sustainably?
  15. How can we each contribute to a more sustainable global food system?

Taught by

Jason Hill


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