Curriculum is an important element of education. For students with vision impairments, experiences and concepts casually and incidentally learned by sighted students may need to be systematically and sequentially taught to students with vision impairments. Indeed students with vision impairments may need instruction in a variety of specific skills - identified as the expanded core curriculum. The curriculum should be balanced with due consideration given to the children's intellectual, personal, emotional and social developments. To teach visually impaired children, the teacher should adopt a consistent, realistic and flexible approach in curriculum planning and implementation. The expanded core curriculum (ECC) makes a dramatic difference on how prepared students are for their next environment.
Week – I 1.Concept, Meaning and Need for Curriculum2.Curricular Approaches in Special Education-Developmental, Functional. Eclectic and Universal for learning Approach3.Types of Curriculum - Need Based, Knowledge Based, Activity Based, Skill Based and Hidden Curriculum Week – II 4. Curriculum Planning, Implementation and Evaluation – Role of Special Teachers of the Visually Impaired5. Core Curriculum and Expanded Core Curriculum6. Learning Media Assessment Week – III 7. Braille Reading Readiness8. Techniques of Teaching Braille9. Techniques of Teaching Print to Children with Low VisionWeek – IV 10. Braille aids and devices, optical devices for print reading and writing11. Independent living skills - Meaning, Importance, components12. Daily living skills - assessment of needs and techniques of teaching age appropriate daily skills Week – V 13. Sensory efficiency - Importance and procedures for training auditory, tactile kinesthetic senses and residual vision14. Techniques of teaching social interaction skills, leisure and recreation skills and self -determination15. Curriculum adaptation-Need, Importance and Process Week – VI 16. Reasonable Accommodation - Need and Planning17. Planning of Lessons for Teaching Expanded core Curriculum - Individualized Education Program Writing18. Pedagogic Strategic-Cooperative Learning, Peer tutoring, Reflective teaching and Multisensory teaching Week – VII 19. Preparation of Teaching Learning Material for Expanded Core Curriculum – Adaptation on the Strategies for Teaching Expanded Core Curriculum, Reading Readiness Kit, Flash cards, Sensory Kits, Mobility Maps20. Curricular activities - Meaning and Need for Adaptation21. Adaptation of physical education activities and yoga Week – VIII 22. Adaptation of Games and Sports - Both Indoor and Outdoor23. Creative Arts for the children with visual impairment24. Agencies for sports - VI