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# Thermodynamics: First & Second Laws

### Syllabus

Thermodynamics Introduction.
Quality of Steam.
Quality of Steam: Mass and Volume Fractions.
Liquid Pressure Dependence.
Pressure-Temperature Diagram.
Pressure-Volume Diagram.
Pressure-temperature Diagram for a single-component system.
The Critical Point.
Air/Water Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium.
Heat Two Phases at Constant Volume.
Linear Interpolation.
Introduction to Steam Tables.
Introduction to Steam Tables 2.
Steam Tables: Calculating Quality.
Steam Tables: Interpolation.
Steam Tables: Constant Volume Process.
Water Properties from Steam Tables.
Compare Steam Tables to Ideal Gas Law.
Internal Energy Introduction.
Flow Work.
State Function Explanation.
Gas Expansion From a Tank.
Problem Solving Approach.
Energy Balance: Steam Tables.
What is Enthalpy?.
Enthalpy Dependence on Pressure.
Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram.
Energy Balance Around a Turbine.
Throttle Temperature Change.
Heat Removal to Condense a Vapor Mixture.
Energy Balance On a Closed System.
Energy Balance on a Heat Exchanger.
Energy Balance on a Human.
Calculate Work for Reversible and Irreversible Expansion/Compression.
Adiabatic Compression of an Ideal Gas.
Adiabatic Compression/Expansion: Enthalpy-Entropy Diagram.
Expansion in a Piston-Cylinder.
Enthalpy Change for an Ideal Gas.
Isothermal Ideal Gas Compression.
Reversible Adiabatic Compression of Ideal Gas.
What is Evaporative Cooling?.
Evaporative Cooling Energy Balance.
Unsteady-State Energy Balance (Steam Tables).
Unsteady-State Energy Balance (Filling an Empty Tank).
Unsteady-State Energy Balance (Filling a Tank Containing N2).
Work and Enthalpy Misunderstandings.
Carnot Heat Engine Calculations.
Heat Engine Introduction.
Minimum Work to Cool a Liquid.
Carnot Heat Pump.
Heat of Mixing.
Enthalpy Balance on a Tubular Reactor.
Energy Balance on a Semibatch Reactor.
Heat of Reaction (from Heat of Formation).
Heat Removal from a Chemical Reactor.
Entropy Change: Gas Mixture.
Entropy: 2 Explanations.
T-S and P-H Diagrams.
Second Law Application.
Adiabatic Expansion of Steam.
Entropy Change: Ideal Gas.
Entropy Change for Ideal Gas Expansion.
Entropy Change for a Supercooled Liquid.
Second Law of Thermodynamics: Hilsch Tube.
Throttle Example: High-Pressure Liquid.
Throttle Energy Balance: Real Gas.
Energy Balance on a Throttling Fluid.
Compressor Efficiency.
Solving a Steam Turbine Problem.
Maximum Work from a Turbine.
Power Cycle Introduction.
Refrigeration Cycle Introduction.
Freon-12 Refrigeration Cycle.
Joule-Thomson Expansion.
Acceleration of an Airplane by a Turbojet Engine.
Otto Cycle: Gas Engine Power Output.
COSMOtherm: Vapor Pressures.
Energy Balance on a Liquid Pump.
Cogeneration (Cogen): Closed System.
Properties of Liquid Water in Steam Tables.
Reversible and Irreversible Processes.
Calculate Water Fugacity From Steam Tables.
Temperature Dependence of Gibbs Free Energy and Fugacity.
Using "What If" Data Table in Excel.
Balances for an Adiabatic Flash Drum.
How To Calculate Entropy Changes: Ideal Gases.
How To Calculate Entropy Changes: Liquids, Solids, and Phase Changes.
How To Calculate Entropy Changes: Mixing Ideal Gases.
Second Law of Thermodynamics.
State Function: Heat of Reaction.
Introduction to First Law: Open Systems.
Ideal Gas Properties.
Adiabatic Reversible Process For Ideal Gas.
Introduction to First Law: Closed System.
Introduction to Single-Component Fugacity.
Rankine Cycle Examples.
Rankine Cycle Example 1.
Throttle High-Pressure Liquid Water.
Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram For Rankine Cycle.
Expand Gas from One Tank to an Empty Tank.
Clapeyron Equation for Solid-Liquid Equiliubrium.
Phase Changes on a Pressure-Temperature Diagram.
Use Heat Capacity to Calculate Outlet Temperature.
Calculate Heat of Reaction at an Elevated Temperature.
How to Determine Heat of Reaction from Heat of Formation.
Calculate Adiabatic Flame Temperature.
Adiabatic Flame Temperature Introduction.
Heat of Mixing and Deviations from Raoult's Law.
Calculate Gibbs Free Energy Change for a Reaction at Elevated Temperature.
Gibbs Free Energy of Reaction Spreadsheet.
Chemical Equilibrium Using Gibbs Minimization: Example.
Gibbs Free Energy of a Chemical Reaction as a Function of Temperature.
Irreversible Adiabatic Expansion: Temperature vs. Entropy.
Carnot Cycle Example.
Chemical Potential Pressure Dependence Example.
Refrigeration Cycle Example.
Determine if Mixture Exhibits Phase Separation.
Ideal Gas - Pressure and Volume Dependence on Temperature.
Ideal Gas Law (Interactive Simulation).
Using a Pressure-Enthalpy Diagram for Water.
Using a Temperature-Entropy Diagram for Water.
Heat of Reaction Temperature Dependence (Interactive Simulation).

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