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Criminal Justice System refers to a combination of state functionaries and processes which are involved in crime detection, its adjudication and correction of criminal conduct. In a democratic set up it is expected from the criminal justice system to provide the maximum sense of security to the people at large by dealing with crimes and criminals effectively, quickly and legally. But while protecting the society, the rights of the accused and fair trial guarantees must not lose sight of and a fine balance is required to be maintained between the interests of various stakeholders. All agencies should always strive forward to achieve this delicate balance.
Keeping this in view the paper on Criminal Justice Administration is aimed to cover variety of such issues dealing with agencies, processes and interests of various stakeholders in criminal justice system.
The object of the course is to make the learners well versed with the Indian criminal justice system. To achieve this, the modules may be
divided in to three categories- first, the modules which deal with functionaries of criminal justice system, second the modules which detail the pre-trial, trial and post trial processes and third the modules which raise voice and concern of other stakeholders like victim and witnesses.
The Course is intended to cover major topics under the Indian Criminal Procedure. It not only explains the processes like arrest, bail, search, seizure etc. but also provide detailed information of the functionaries and other stakeholders of the criminal justice system like victim, witnesses etc. Some of the modules under the course are devoted to explain the trial and appellate process. It also highlights the sentencing practices in criminal courts.
For pursuing this course, students are required to have minimum graduate degree in Law and they should be familiar with the following concepts:
Basic understanding of Indian Criminal Justice System
Preliminary knowledge about agencies of Criminal Justice System
Basic understanding of provisions of Code of Criminal Procedure and Part III of the Indian Constitution
After completing the MOOC course , the student shall be able:
To have a comprehensive understanding of the substantive and procedural issues which are shaped by the constitutional guarantees.
To understand the roles of various functionaries in Criminal Justice System.
To understand the procedural ramifications involved in investigation and other preliminary processes.
To have the fundamental knowledge and understanding relating to cognizance, charge and trial process under the Code of Criminal Procedure.
To expose about the process of sentencing and alternate modes of punishment.
To have a fair idea about the correctional system within the realm of the criminal justice administration.
COURSE LAYOUTWeek 11. Constitutional Foundations of Criminal Justice System2. Models of Criminal Procedure3. Preventive DetentionWeek 21. Functionaries of Criminal Justice Administration including hierarchy of courts2. Role of Prosecutor in Criminal Justice AdministrationWeek 31. Reporting of Crimes2. Arrest Process in Criminal Justice Administration3. Rights of ArresteeWeek 41. Pre-Trial Process: Investigation by Police2. Pre-Trial Process: Search and Seizure3. Pre-Trial Process- Procuring Attendance of Person and Production of DocumentsWeek 51. Remand Procedure2. Custodial Justice3. Bail JurisprudenceWeek 61. Pre-Trial Process and Role of Courts2. Access to Criminal Justice3. Place of Inquiry and TrialWeek 71. Initiation of Proceedings before the Magistrate2. Trial Process including cognizance and framing of charges3. Kinds of TrialWeek 91. Fair Trial2. Appreciation of Evidence3. Maintenance Proceedings under Code of Criminal ProcedureWeek 101. Compounding of Offences2. Plea Bargaining in IndiaWeek 111. Sentencing: Theory and Practice2. Probation as a Form of Sentencing3. Remission and Commutation of SentenceWeek 121. Appellate Process2. Review Process: RevisionWeek 131. Victims of Crime2. Procedural Safeguards to Rape Victims3. Witness ProtectionWeek 141. Inherent Jurisdiction of High Court2. Correctional System