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Sr.Secondary : Chemistry (313)

NIOS via Swayam


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According to present scheme of school education at Senior Secondary stage, chemistry emerges out as a separate discipline. The present chemistry course has been developed basically around the themes: Why do chemical reactions occur? What is the quantitative relationship among reacting constituents in a chemical reaction? How far and how fast will a chemical reaction proceed under a given set of conditions? Can we predict whether a chemical reaction will occur or not? What is the relation between the structure of a chemical substance and its functions/properties? In what way is a chemical reaction relevant for getting new types of substances and materials for daily life and chemical industries? Some interdisciplinary aspects have also been provided to make the course more meaningful and functional. This Chemistry Course has three parts, I and II consist of theory portion and part III is a practical manual. Part I and II of theory portion has eight modules. Part-I consists of five modules namely as : Some basic concepts of chemistry, Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding, States of matter, Chemical Energetics, and Chemical Dynamics. Part-II consists of three modules namely: Chemistry of Elements, Chemistry of Organic Compounds, and Chemistry in Everyday Life. Each module is further divided into different lessons. Course Overview Module I Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry Alloted Marks: 04 1. Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic Module II Atomic Structure and Chemical Bonding Alloted Marks: 10 2. Atomic Structure 3. Periodic Table and Periodicity in Properties 4. Chemical Bonding Module III States of Matter Alloted Marks: 08 5. The Gaseous State and Liquid State 6. The Solid State 7. Solutions 8. Colloids Module IV Chemical Energetics Alloted Marks: 06 09. Chemical Thermodynamics 10. Spontaneity of Chemical Reactions Module V Chemical Dynamics Alloted Marks: 12 11. Chemical Equilibrium 12. Ionic Equilibrium 13. Electrochemistry 14. Chemical Kinetics 15. Adsorption and Catalysis Module VI Chemistry of Elements Alloted Marks: 18 16. Occurrence and Extraction of Metals 17. Hydrogen and s-Block Elements 18. General Characteristics of the p-block Elements 19. p-block Elements and their Compounds – I 20. p-block Elements and their Compounds - II 21. d-Block and f-Block Elements 22. Coordination Compounds Module VII Chemistry of Organic Compounds Alloted Marks: 18 23. Nomenclature and General Principles 24. Hydrocarbons 25. Compounds of Carbon Containing Halogens (Haloalkanes and Haloarenes) 26. Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 27. Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 28. Compounds of Carbon Containing Nitrogen 29. Biomolecules Module VIII Chemistry in Everyday Life Alloted Marks: 04 30. Drugs and Medicines 31. Soaps, Detergents and Polymers 32. Environmental Chemistry Total Marks : 80 CURRICULUM FOR PRACTICAL WORKIN CHEMISTRY 1. Basic Laboratory Techniques 2. Characterization of Chemical substances 3. Preparation of dilute solutions 4. Experiment related to pH change 5. Surface Chemistry 6. Electrochemistry 7. Thermochemistry 8. Chemical Equilibrium 9. Chemical Kinetics 10. Preparation of Inorganic Compounds 11. Preparation of Organic Compounds 12. Chromatography 13. Detection of Elements 14. Characteristic Tests for cabohydrates; fats andproteins and their detection 15. Volumetric Analysis (Quantitative analysis) 16. Qualitative Analysis SCHEME OF PRACTICAL EXAMINATION There will be a practical examination of 20 marks and 3 hours duration. The distribution of marks is as follows. 1. Salt Analysis Alloted Marks: 4 (one cation + one anion) 2. Volumetric Analysis Alloted Marks: 6 (i) write-up in which student may be askedto write brief method, indicator, equation, end point. (ii) Set-up of experiment (iii) Results 3. (i) Detection of elements in an organic compound Alloted Marks: 4 (ii) Detection of functional group OR Setting up of one experiment from experiments at serial number 2 to 10, 12 and 13. 4. Viva-voce Alloted Marks: 3 5. Record book Alloted Marks: 3 TotalMarks: 20 CAREER OPPORTUNITIES AFTER STUDYING CHEMISTRY Chemical sciences (Chemistry) offer access to a wide range of careers. Chemistry is the study of substances, their makeup and applications. In fact it is the study of all materials and is vital to every aspect of our lives. Organic Chemistry, Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical chemistry and Biochemistry are the main branches of chemistry. The career options in chemistry are practically endless! However, employment options depend on how far the education, training and experience taken. A chemistry or biochemistry degree can lead to career paths in professions such as medicine, pharmacology, agriculture, chemical engineering, forensic science, etc. Some of the Important career opportunities after studying chemistry at senior secondary level is as Career opportunities in Petrochemical and Pharmaceutical industries Analytical chemist Clinical biochemist Forensic scientist Chemical development engineer Scientific journalist Toxicologist Teacher/Professor Quality controller Laboratory assistant Research associate/ Research assistant Career opportunities in Plastics and Polymer Industry Career opportunities in Textile Industry Biochemistry Biotechnology.


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