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Nationalism in India

CEC and Dhanamanjuri University via Swayam

This course may be unavailable.


The course on Nationalism in India is important not only because of its historical occurrence but also for its contemporary significance. People across the world continue to witness rise and fall of nationalism. Nationalism, during European colonialism, swept through the entire globe. Historically, nationalism created nations, and dismantled them as well. The birth of India was intrinsically linked to anti-colonial movements of the 19th and 20th century. It becomes pertinent for the contemporary generations to understand why nationalism is important till date. Eminent historian, Bipan Chandra points out the existence of various approaches to anti-colonial nationalism in India which includes the Cambridge school, nationalists, Marxists, Subatlterns and Feminists, etc. It would be interesting and challenging to let Under Graduate students engage with these historical conceptualisations of nationalism in India.In the words of Ernest Renan, ‘a nation is an everyday plebiscite’. With similar perspective in mind, anti-colonial movements in India witnessed similar everydayness. Everyday articulations of peasants, women, workers, nationalists, Marxists, dalits and subalterns; of their experiences and aspirations constituted the dimensions of nationalism in India. While at the same time locating how nationalism can be good and bad at times, as it depends on the interest for which it stands.Therefore, the course is intended to help students to widen their thinking on nationalism with theoretical support and experiential materials on nationalism in India. In other words, the course is expected to rethink how different currents of anti-colonial aspirations gathered strength in the course of experiencing colonialism.


First Week
  1. Understanding the Colonial Questions in India: An Overall Assessment
  2. Impact of Colonialism: A Socio-Economic aspect
  3. Drain of Wealth and Indian Realisation
  4. Colonialism and Education: The Rise of New Middle Class
Second Week
  1. Nationalism in India: The Outset
  2. Nationalist views on Colonialism
  3. Marxist understanding of colonialism and liberation
  4. Tradition and Questions of Reforms in India

Third Week
  1. Social Issues in India: The Rising Need for Reforms
  2. Brahmo Samaj Reforms Movement
  3. Arya Samaj Reforms Movement
  4. Trends in Islamic Reformation Movement in India
Fourth Week
  1. Locating emergence of various associate socio-religious movements such as Dharma Sabha and Manav Dharma Sabha
  2. Contributions of Annie Besant in Socio-Religious Movements
  3. Sudhi Movement of Swami Dayanand
  4. Western Liberal Nationalism and its values: An Impact Assessment
Fifth Week
  1. Moderate National Articulation: A Study of Methods
  2. Extremists Nationalism in India
  3. Nationalist Constitutionalism in India
  4. The Foreign vs Local: A Subaltern Perspective on Nationalism
Sixth Week
  1. Gandhian Nationalism: A Study of his Method
  2. Civil Disobedience Movement: A Gandhian Strategy
  3. Gandhi and India’s Constitution
  4. Quit India Movement: Towards Complete Freedom
Seventh Week
  1. Radical Nationalism and Communism
  2. The Legacy of M.N. Roy and Communism
  3. Communism in States in India
  4. Communism and India’s Constitution: The Real Imprints
Eight Week
  1. Influence of Communism in Agrarian Politics in India
  2. Emergence of Women in National Movements
  3. Swadeshi and Women’s Participation
  4. Caste issues in India: Assessment
Ninth Week
  1. Caste and Ambedkar
  2. Ambedkar and Gandhi: The debate
  3. Peasant and Tribal Movements in India
  4. Workers movement in the 20th Century India
Tenth Week
  1. Religious Assertions in India
  2. Formation of Political Parties on Religious Lines
  3. Congress and its Inability to Handle Muslim Question in India
  4. Two-Nation Theory Leading to Partition

Taught by

Dr. Arambam Noni Meetei



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